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The Four Columns ("Les Quatre Columnes" in Catalan) are four Ionic columns originally created by Josep Puig i Cadafalch in Barcelona, Spain. They were erected in 1919, where the Magic Fountain of Montjuïc now stands.
They symbolized the four stripes of the Catalan senyera, and they were intended to become one of the main icons of Catalanism. Because of this, they were demolished in 1928 during Primo de Rivera's dictatorship, when all public Catalanist symbols were systematically removed in order to avoid their being noticed during the 1929 Universal Exposition, which was to take place on Montjuïc.
Moreover, for these same political motives, Poble Espanyol (Spanish Village in Catalan), on the same hill, was the name given to the open-air museum formerly to be named Iberona – in homage to the Iberians, the first inhabitants of what is now Catalonia, Spain. Analogously for the nearby Plaça d'Espanya.
In 1999, the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) commissioned the renowned Valencian sculptor Andreu Alfaro to create four similar columns for its Bellaterra Campus. In contrast to the original columns which were 20m high, these spiral up, 25 to 40 metres (82 to 131 ft) in height, in red granite.
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Quatre Columnes Reviews
The 4 Columns are said to represent the stripes on the Catalan flag when they were built in the early 1900's and were then demolished under the fascist regime in the 30's , They were rebuilt in 2010..... more »
Columns provide a good view of the magic fountain during the show and also the museum. Those who like selfies in either of the above direction, this is. Good spot... more »
The four columns was originally erected in 1919 as of a symbol of 4 red bars/stripes of Aragon/Catalan coat of arms. They were demolished in 1928 during Primo de Rivera's dictatorship and were rebuilt in 2010. This is a controversial structure from aesthetic viewpoint. No matter what the viewpoint is, this is the best place to see the magic fountain show in my opinion.
The four columns are also known by the name of their architect; the columns of Puig i Cadafalch. They were placed for the first time in 1919 during which time they were located right on top of where you would find the Magic fountain today, close to the neighbourhood of Poble Sec. They represent the four stripes of the Catalan flag.
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