Dobsina trip planner
Create a fully customized
day-by-day itinerary for free
Dobšiná is a town in the Slovenské rudohorie mountains in Slovakia, on the Slaná River, north-west of Košice.GeographyIt is situated between Revúcka vrchovina and Volovské vrchy in the Carpathians, and lies to the south of the beautiful Stratená valley, watered by the river Hnilec, and enclosed on all sides by mountains. The well-known Dobšinská Ice Cave (discovered in 1870) in the valley and belongs to the territory of the village.HistoryThe earliest surviving written reference to the place dates from 1326; it mentions that ethnic German mining experts had settled here. It received a town charter in 1417, becoming a major town for the minority of Carpathian Germans and a center of mining (gold, silver, nickel, later iron, cobalt, copper, mercury etc.) and iron processing in the past. In the vicinity are mines of various materials, some of them very ancient.Until the 18th century, Dobšiná was more or less a German enclave, but after strict Magyarization, the German community lost some of its strength, although it was still the dominant ethnic group in the town. Oddly enough, in 1927 there was a German (Buliner) Festival to celebrate the 600th anniversary, much of which was conducted in German, as the majority of the town still spoke it, as well as Hungarian. The church records from as early as the 1600s show that the town was still overwhelmingly German. The residents referred to themselves as Dobschauer or Topschauer and spoke a dialect of German called Buliner. During World War II, Slovak forces forced the ethnic Germans to leave, and at the war's end, when they were returning to their home, Slovak soldiers massacred most of them, thereby effectively destroying the German presence in the town. After the war, Slovaks from other parts of Czechoslovakia were resettled in the vacant homes.Dobsina is in Kosice Region. Add Dobsina and other Slovakia destinations to your travel plans using our Slovakia online day trip planner .
Create a full itinerary — for free!
Plan your trip to Dobsina
Get a personalized planA complete day-by-day itinerary
based on your preferences
Customize itRefine your plan. We'll find the
best routes and schedules
Book itChoose from the best hotels
and activities. Up to 50% off
Manage itEverything in one place.
Everyone on the same page.
Top Dobsina tours
Popular things to do in Dobsina
Places to visit with Dobsina
Recently planned trips to Dobsina
12 days in Slovakia BY A USER FROM MALTA November, popular sights PREFERENCES: November ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 9 days in Banska Stiavnica, Spisska Nova Ves & Dobsina BY A USER FROM SLOVAKIA October, popular sights PREFERENCES: October ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 12 days in Slovakia BY A USER FROM ISRAEL September, teens, kids, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, wildlife, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: September, teens, kids, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 31 days in Slovakia BY A USER FROM SLOVAKIA October, fast-paced, popular sights PREFERENCES: October ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Fast-paced 5 days in Kosice & Dobsina BY A USER FROM SLOVAKIA September, popular sights PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 26 days in Slovakia BY A USER FROM CANADA July, popular sights PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium