National Monument, Amsterdam

3.3
#220 of 1,237 in Things to do in Amsterdam
The National Monument on Dam Square, Amsterdam, is a 1956 World War II monument in the Netherlands. A national Remembrance of the Dead ceremony is held at the monument every year on 4 May to commemorate the casualties of World War II and subsequent armed conflicts.DesignThe monument was designed by Dutch architect J.J.P. Oud, and the monument's sculptures are by John Rädecker and his sons Han and Jan Willem Rädecker. The reliefs are by the sculptor Paul Grégoire.The central element of the monument is a concrete conical pillar in height, covered entirely by white travertine stone. On the front of the pillar is a relief entitled De Vrede ("Peace"), consisting of four chained male figures, representing the suffering endured during the war. To either side of these central figures are two male sculptures representing members of the Dutch resistance, the left figure symbolizing the resistance by the intelligentsia and the right figure symbolizing the resistance by the working classes. Weeping dogs are at their feet, representing suffering and loyalty. Above the central relief is a sculpture of a woman with a child in her arms and doves flying around her, representing victory, peace, and new life. A relief of the back side of the pillar shows doves ascending into the sky, symbolizing the liberation.
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National Monument Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 3.5
423 reviews
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4.4
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  • Seen a lot of national monuments in my travels but this one sort of left me wondering. And when we saw it there were lots of people climbing on and around it. Great place for the pigeons to rest.  more »
  • It is a towering white monument from Dam Square. There are many tourists, and it is a very lively place. A statue of a lion is also nearby.
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  • An iconic point of interest for tourist visiting Amsterdam. It's the centre of all activities literally. You can go either your way towards the more uptown locations like the rjiks museum and other iconic places or take the other way and spoil yourself within the red light area, casinos, adult entertainment and the famous Amsterdam coffee shops.
  • When you get off Central Station in Amsterdam, just follow the mass of humanity going down the main drag and 5-7 minutes of walking down the street, will bring you to this monument. It's a great place as a meeting point and when I was there, had lots of teenagers and college-age people sitting on the steps. This is also the location where the free Amsterdam walking tours start.
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