De Otter is a paltrok mill in Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands which has been restored to working order. As all Dutch paltrok mills it is a windpowered sawmill. The mill is listed as a Rijksmonument, number 1198.HistoryDe Otter, probably earlier known as De Kleine Otter was built in or shortly after 1631. It is the only one left over from a group of sawmills built in the area between the Kostverlorenvaart canal and the Singelgracht. Gerrit van der Beyl bought the mill in 1817. The firm Van der Beyl expanded their property by acquiring several neighboring sawmills. City expansion started to threaten the mills by the end of the 19th century and during several decades the mills were one by one dismantled. De Otter was probably in production until the start of the 20th century. In 1925 the sails were removed after the wooden windshaft was torn but the rest of the mill remained standing. The last operational wind powered sawmill, De Eenhoorn, located north of De Otter, shut down in 1929 and was dismantled in 1931, leaving De Otter as the only remainder of this local industry. De Otter was placed on the list of monuments in 1977. The mill was restored to working order after a two-year restoration project started in 1994 after which it was regularly running. However the location of the mill for catching the wind was already difficult in the buildup area of Amsterdam and it got worse by the construction of large apartment buildings close to the windmill. Stichting Houtzaagmolen De Otter, as owner of the mill, therefor proposed to move the mill to Uitgeest. However the local government had to give permission to move a Rijksmonument and it turned out the local city council was strongly opposed to this idea. The fierce discussion became the subject of several court cases between 2006 and 2011. For the time being De Otter is still in its original location but not being operated.To visit De Otter on your holiday in Amsterdam, and find out what else Amsterdam has to offer, use our Amsterdam trip site .
De Otter Reviews
Ubicado en la zona de Amsterdam-West, a 1 calle de la Estación Ledenberchstraat del Metro. Era un aserradero de madera, el más antiguo que queda y que data del año de 1,631. Representa una imagen icón... more »Located in the Amsterdam-West area, 1 block from The Ledenberchstraat Metro Station. It was a wooden sawmill, the oldest remaining and dating from the year of 1,631. It represents an iconic image of Holland: windmills; therefore, it is ideal to take some photos.
This should be a heritage site. The mill could use a restore, and it is closed off right now, but it is worth the time to visit it. If you go across the canal, you can get a few good pictures. Sometim... more »
The Otter is one of the few remaining windmills still in existence in Amsterdam. Formerly, there were numerous windmills dotted around the city but sadly only 8 remain today. Construction of the Otter started in 1631, but its architect is unknown. There were at least 49 other windmills in the immediate vicinity, mainly functioning as sawmills. The mills received large orders from the shipbuilding industry and housing construction throughout Amsterdam. Timber was mainly delivered by boat on the wide waterway to the front, still used today as a passageway for industrial barges, many of which sail with the skipper's motor vehicle on deck. Smaller orders were delivered by horse and specially designed wooden carts which enabled them to cross high bridges. The growth of the city began to pose a threat by the end of the 19th century, causing the mills to be dismantled in gradual succession. The area's last remaining wind powered sawmill in operation, Molen De Eenhorn (The Unicorn), closed its doors in 1929 and was dismantled two years later, leaving the Otter as the sole survivor of this once thriving industry. The Otter's wooden windshaft was torn in 1925, as a result of which, its sails were removed, but the rest of the mill remains intact, although unfortunately, the mill is not open to the public, as restoration works are still in progress. Due to the increasing number of high rise apartments in the area, it has become more and more difficult to catch a sufficient strength of wind for normal operation. The mill's owners, Stichting Houtzaagmolen De Otter, wanted to rehouse the mill to Uitgeest, some 32 kilometers away. As the mill had been designated as a national monument in 1977, it required permission of the local government who were strongly opposed to the idea and several court cases ensued. Fortunately, for the time being at least, it remains in Amsterdam. Of the 1,000 or so windmills still in existence in The Netherlands, De Otter is the oldest remaining example of a Paltrokmolen (post mill), its name being derived from a Paltrok, a loose fitting gentleman's jacket. Viewed from a distance, the mill's silhouette is reminiscent of someone wearing this type of jacket. There are some beautiful spots to view the mill on the opposite side of the Kostverlorenvaart waterway with an ample number of benches.
This is not on any tourist stops. There are benches along the canal to sit and enjoy the views. Worth visiting if you want to see the 8 Amsterdam windmills.
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